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ODISHA GEOGRAPHY


The state of Odisha (Orissa) covers an area of 1,55,707 sq.km. having a coastline of about 480 km on the Bay of Bengal. It lies between 17° 31' and 22° 31' The Western Rolling Uplands are lower in elevation, 153-305 m and have a bedrock of hard soil and a lot of flora and fauna. 31' N latitude and 81° 31' and 87° 3°' E longitude. Bounded by West Bengal in the northeast, Jharkhand in the North, Andhra Pradesh in the South, Chattisgarh in the West, the State is open to the Bay of Bengal on the East.

Accounting for about ten percent of total surface area, the coastal plains belong to the post tertiary period and are formed by the alluvial deposits of the six major rivers-the Subarnarekha, the Budhabalanga, the Baitarani, the Brahmani, the Mahanadi, and the Rushikulya. The region stretches from the West Bengal border i.e. from the river Subarnarekha in the north to the river Rushikulya in the South. This region slopes eastwards, maximum width in the middle (the Mahanadi delta), narrow in the North (Balasore plain comprising deltas of the Subarnarekha and the Budhabalanga) and narrowest in the South (Ganjam plain comprising smaller delta of the Rushikulya). The South coastal plain also comprises the laccustrine plains of Chilika Lake. The long stretch of land covers the districts of Balasore, Cuttack, Puri and a part of Ganjam with miles and miles of paddy fields constituting the 'rice bowl' of the State.

 

Chilka Lake, a brackish water coastal lake on the Bay of Bengal, south of the mouth of the Mahanadi River, is the largest coastal lake in India and the second largest in the world. It is the largest wintering ground for migratory birds on the Indian sub-continent. It is protected by the Chilka Lake Bird Sanctuary, which harbors over 160 migratory and resident species of birds. Birds from as far as the Caspian Sea, Lake Baikal, Aral Sea and other remote parts of Russia, Kirghiz steppes of Mongolia, Central and southeast Asia, Ladakh and Himalayas come here. It also has the small area of Satpada which is a safe sanctuary for the lesser known and endangered Irrawaddy Dolphins.

 

 

Importants monuments & places in Bhubaneswar

Lingaraj Temple

Khandagiri & Udayagiri Cave

Dhuli Santi Stupa

Nandan Kanan ( Zoological & Botanical Garden )

Infocity


Distance from Mojor city

Kolkata : 482 Km

Chennai : 1235 Km

Delhi : 1745 Km

Hyderbad : 1075 Km

Vishakhapatnam : 425 Km