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BARAGARH DISTRICT


The best period of the year to visit this place is between October to March. During this period the Dhanu Yatra Festival (World’s biggest open air theatre) is observed here.

History

Bargarh got the recognition of a district on 1st April 1993. This is one of the districts of western Odisha which is developed in agriculture, industry, and trade. Bargarh is known as a prosperous district as it holds the Hirakud Irrigation Project. Mahanadi, Jira, Jhanu are some of the rivers that flow through the district making it a heavenly place. Bargarh is rich with the resources like Sambalpuri handloom works cottage industry, Cement factory, Sugar factory and spinning mills. Bargarh is well known for its Dhanu Yatra and Bandha cottage industry.

The head-quarter of the district Bargarh is situated on the left bank of Jira river. The town Bargarh is on the NH-6. The original name of the place was “Baghar Kota” as known from an inscription of the 11th Century A.D. It was called “Bargarh” probably from the time of Balaram Dev, the Chauhan Raja of Sambalpur, who made for some time made it his headquarters and constructed a big fort for its protection. Narayan Singh, the last Chauhan Raja granted this place in “Maufi” (free hold) to 2 Brahmin brothers Krushna Dash and Narayan Dash, sons of Baluki Dash who was killed in action by the Gond rebels led by Baldia Ray and Mahapatra Ray. Another part of the district popularly known as “Borasambar” was formerly the headquarters of the Borasambar Zamindari extending over 2178 Sq.Kms. Later, the headquarters of the Zamindari shifted to Padampur, one of the present sub-divisional headquarter. The Zamindar belongs to the Binjhal family and is called Pat-Bariha. The city of Bargarh is district headquarters.

Geographical Location

The Bargarh district lies between 20° 43′ to 21° 41′ North latitude and 82° 39′ to 83° 58′ East longitude. It is bounded on the north by the State of Chhatisgarh and on the east by the district of Sambalpur, on the south lies the district of Balangir and Subarnapur and on the west the district of Nuapara.
The district has an area of 5837 Sq.Kms. The population of the district as per 2001 census is 13.46 Millions out of which 6.81 millions are male and 6.65 millions are female.

How to reach there?

 

Airways:Bargarh Lies along National Highway 6 connecting Calcutta to Bombay. It is well connected with national Highways from the state capital Bhubaneswar (375km) and Raipur (225km) M.P. These two are incidentally the two nearest located airports with Boeing flights to major cities of India. Bargarh has direct train links with Calcutta, New Delhi and Chennai.

Railways:Bargarh is very well connected by railways too. The South Eastern Railways runs through this district covering 46 kilometers.

Roadways:N.H.6 linking Mumbai to Kolkotta passes through Bargarh dist. covering 96.3 K.Ms. There are 5303 K.M. of G.P.Roads, 117 no. of R.D. roads covering 1105.26 K.Ms, 112.792 K.M. major dist. roads, 138.8 K.M. State Highway and 135.05 K.M. other dist. roads in this district.

Fairs and Festivals

Different acts of the Puranic description are performed at their right places and the spectators move from place to place with the actors to seethe performances. The drama and reality get inextricably fused. The festival continues for 7 to 11 days preceding ‘Pausa Purnima’, the full-moon day of ‘Pausa’, which falls in December-January every year. The performances are held from 3 P.M. to 9 P.M., which are followed by entertainment programmes during the whole night. The mood takes over thousands from near by villages who throng the streets of Bargarh to enjoy and participate in the cultural drama. The main attraction is Kans whose characterization dominates the festival despite people viewing him as a demon. The unique extravaganza boasts of a cast that involves virtually everyone in Bargarh.

Dhanu Yatra, Baisakh Mela of Nrusinghnath, Car Festival of Bhatli, Bali Yatra of Khuntpali, Sital Sasthi of Barpali, Faguna Mela of Bhatli, Maha Shiva Ratri of Kedarnath, Nuakhai (Nabarnna)