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BALANGIR DISTRICT


 

History

The district of Balangir is named after the headquarters towns of Balangir. This town was also the headquarters of the feudatory state of Patna, since the eighties of the nineteenth century. Balaram Deo, the brother of Narasimha Deo, the 12th Raja of Patna, established Balangir. As Balaram Deo is known to have flourished about the middle of 16th century, the origin of the town of Balangir has also been attributed to that period. It is said that the town being founded by Balaram Deo was named after him as Balaramgarh, from which the present name Balangir has been derived. There is however no recorded evidence to support this theory. The district of Balangir is flanked in the North-west by the Gandhamardan hill and in the north-east by the rock-infested Mahanadi. Many hill streams traverse it. It is the land of Tantrik culture. It is also notable for having experimented in the republican form of Government that was overthrown by Ramai Deo. Ramai founded the kingdom of Patna in the 14th century, which within a short span of its militant career become the head of the cluster of eighteen Garhs. The Chauhan rule ended with the merger of the state of Patna and Sonepur with Orissa on the 1st January, 1948. They together form the district of Balangir. Sonepur was carved out as a separate district on 1.4.1993.

 

Geographical Location

The North West by the Gandhamardhan Hills, a name of Ramayan fame.

The north east by the rock infested Mahanadi.

How to reach there?

As all other districts of Orissa, Bolangir is also well connected by road & rail services from other parts of the state (Orissa) as well as neighbouring states. Air travel facility is available from Bhubaneswar.

Airways: The airway connection is available from Bhubaneswar & it is well connected by roadways.

Railways: The stations of Bolangir are important for the trains passing through Rayagada (Orissa) to Raipur, Rourkela & Hatia, Bolangir to Bhubaneswar, etc.

Roadways: Roadways are the most important transport facility of the district. The roads are connected with different places through NHs, SHs and local roads.

Fairs and Festivals

Sivaratri: Big fairs are held on the occasion and in some places it continues for 3 to 4 days. People from far and wide assemble in these places and observe the festival praying to lord Siva through out the night without sleep.

Patkhanda Yatra: Village ‘Jarasingha’ is famous for the Patkhanda Jatra which takes place in the month of “Aswina” from 8th to 10th day of the bright fortnight. A man locally called “Barua” becomes possessed by the spirit of Goddess “Patakhanda” and under that condition he is believed to bestow miraculous boons on devotees. People suffering from mental diseases are brought here for cure and barren women also come here in large numbers with the hope of getting a child by the blessing of Goddess Patkhanda.

Nrusingha Chaturdasi Mela: This festival is observed on the 14the day of the bright fortnight of ” Baisakh” at Harisankar. This festival is a synthesis of the cult of Hari and Sankar large numbers of pilgrims gathers on this day at this place and take their bath in the perennial water fall. Near Harisankar there is a small village named Dhandamunda where a festival is observed on this very day called Hariharabheta Jatra. It is a very popular festival in the district.

Ratha Yatra: Car festival is also observed in this district in the month of “Asadha” at places like Balangir, Patnagarh and Baliamunda.

Nuakhai :The Nuakhai ceremony is held some times during “Bhadra Pada” (August- September) when new paddy of the year ripen. This is observed in very Hindu home and people on that occasion offers preparation of the new crops to various Gods and to ancestors after which they take food in ceremonious manner. Both rich and poor wear new clothes and enjoy the day.