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ANGUL DISTRICT


In the year 1956 one saint came to Angul and visited the Sakti Pitha and became fascinated to see the Bigraha of Goddess. Curiosity aroused in his mind to know what is inside of the Bigraha. He then tried to dig the back side of the Bigraha to find some thing. But he could not get any thing and returned away. In due course of time the holes have been filled and a Lion’s statue has been placed there.

History

Angul came into existence on 1st April 1993. This district was formally formed out of the former undivided (Dhenkanal) district on April 1, 1993 by late Chief Minister of Odisha, Mr. Biju Patnaik. The district covers a geographical area of about 6232 square kilometers and has a population of about 11.40 lakhs. Angul, a centrally located district in the State of Odisha, is rich in flora and fauna, being covered by dense green forests and bountied by various specimens of wildlife. The river Mahanadi passes through this district forming a 22km long narrow gorge, which is one of the mightiest gorges in India. It inhibits great natural resources and beauties like Satakosia Gorge over river Mahanadi, which is an ideal habitat for varieties of Crocodiles. The concept of the boulders in Talcher area has mystified the geologists for centuries. The famous “Ravan Chhaya”, “Budhi Thakurani” and Lord Jagannath Temple which is similar to the Jagannath Temple at Puri, but holds its natural charm, helps to glorify the tradition and culture of this district.

Presently this district has grown industrial wise with the help of abundant stock of manpower and raw materials. It owns the honor of highest return of revenue to the Government due to vast coal mines located in its abode and also it can be tagged as the most advanced district even being strategically new. Some big names in the industry sector like National Aluminium Company (NALCO), Mahanadi Coalfields Limited (MCL), National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC), Heavy Water Plant, Talcher, Indian Aluminium Product Ltd. etc. are situated in this district.

Geographical Location

Area: 6,232 Sq. Km.

Population: 1,271,703 (2001 Census)

Altitude: Varies from 564 Mtrs. to 1,187 Mtrs.

Rainfall: 170 Cms.

Climate: Maximum Temp. 33.3 C and Minimum Temp. 19.6 C

Clothing: Light cotton in summer and woolen in winter

Language spoken: Odia, Hindi, English, and Tribal dialects

Best season: Winter

How to reach?

Airways: The nearest airport for approaching the places of interest in the district of Angul is at Bhubaneswar (160 kms) which is connected with New Delhi, Calcutta, Chennai, Mumbai, Visakhapatanam, Hyderabad and Nagpur by Boeing flights.

Roadways: Situated on NH-42 at a distance of 160 kms from Bhubaneswar, the place is an important road junction of the State connected by regular bus services from Bhubaneswar, Cuttack, Dhenkanal, Talcher, Sambalpur, Sundergarh, Rourkela, Raipur, Durgapur and other important places of the State and sister States.

Railways: Basically, Angul is known for its large number of huge industries. So, the railway facility at there is easily available.

Fairs and Festivals

Angul is not only a land of magnificent hill ranges, old monuments, virgin and long river beds, downy flakes melodious jungle streams, healing hot springs, luxuriant forests, picturesque landscape, industrial houses but also a land of exciting and exuberant fasts and festivals. All the seasons of the year are marked with a variety of colourful celebrations. The fasts of folk-life and modernity of an industrial society. The traditions and customs, rites and rituals, dances and delicacies of the district are just precipitous. In these occasions people are seen in best of their attire, costumes and pageantry.

The fasts and festivals of the district are mostly of two types i.e. Sarbajanina or community based and Gharoi or family based. The Gharoi or family festivals are those, which are mostly observed at the level of families as per the traditions of their Kula, Gotra and Varna. A group of families consisting of same kinship or lineage also observe them in common. The Gurubara Manabasa, Sudasa Brata, Sabitri Brata, etc. are some such fasts.