Ptolemy’s text refers to this area as Sambakala, a diamond trading centre in 2nd century. The area is associated with its 8th century celebrated ruler, King Indrabhuti, who became a Buddhist and the teacher-profounder of Vajrayana sect. Sambalpur derives its name from its presiding deity Sambaleswari enshrined in a temple called Samalai Gudi on the banks of Mahanadi, erected by the Chauhans in the mid 16th century.

Geographical Location

Sambalpur district lies between 20? 40’ N and 22? 11’ N latitude, 82? 39’ E and 85? 15’ E longitude with a total area of 6,702 Sq. Kms. The district is surrounded by Deogarh district in the east, Bargarh and Jharsuguda districts in the west, Sundergarh district in the north and Subarnpur and Angul districts in the South. The district has three distinctive physiographic units such as, Hilly Terrain of Bamra and Kuchinda in the north, plateau and ridges of Rairakhol in the south-east and valley and plains of Sambalpur Sub-division in the south east.


How to reach?

There are also two bus stands (Govt. and the private), about 3 km from the city centre, the main VSS Marg Bus stand, Private bus stand. The private stand has more regular services to major towns in the area. Regular buses go to Bhubaneswar, Puri and Cuttack. Private operated ‘Video Coaches’ also leave at night from Sambalpur’s main roads for Bhubaneswar and Raipur (in Chhattisgarh).

Sambalpur has two railway stations, the main Khetrajpur and the Sambalpur Road Station. The main station is about 3 km from the city centre whereas the second one is a little closer and most trains also stop here.


Fairs and Festivals

Sambalpur celebrate many festivals including Sital Sasthi, Nuakhai, Bhaijiuntia, Puajiantia, Ganesh puja, Laxmi puja, Durga puja among many others.