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NABARANGPUR DISTRICT

History

Nabarangpur district was created on 2 October 1992 out of a previous subdivision of Koraput District. Until then Koraput District had been the second largest district in India. The history of Nabarangpur is inextricably interlinked with that of Koraput District, with which it shares its language, lifestyle, heritage, flora and fauna and climate.

Koraput belonged to the Atavikas, a feudatory of the powerful Kalinga Empire (Ancient Odisha) who valiantly fought the Kalinga War in the 3rd century BCE. Kalinga regained its former glory during the Mahameghabahan Dynasty in the first century BCE. The third king of this dynasty Kharavela made the Kalinga empire and the Atavika land was very strong under his rule. The successive dynasties – the Satavahanas (2nd century CE), Ikshvakus (3rd century CE) had headquarters at Pushkari, near the modern town of Umerkote. The Kesaribeda excavations bear testimony to the rule of King Bhabadatta Varma and King Arathapati. The inscriptions of Podagarh refer to king Skandavarma. The overlord Nala kings are traced to the kings who ruled from Gwalior in Madhya Pradesh. Their rapid growth landed them in the Odia regions of Bastar and Koraput. Around the 10th century CE a Nala king Bhimesen was ruling over a region now located in Koraput and Ganjam District.

 

Geographical Location

The geographical area is 5294.5 Sq Kms. The district extends in the West upto Bastar district of Chattisgarh, in the East upto Kalahandi district, in the North upto Raipur district of Chatisgarh and in the South to Koraput district. Nabarangpur district is situated at 190-14′ Latitude and 82.32′ Longitude at an Elevation of 1876′ from Sea level.

How to reach?

The nearest airport is at Visakhapatnam, 300 km away. From there, a good road takes you to Nabarangpur. By rail, you can reach through Koraput (66 KM away) or Rayagada (175 KM away) From Bhubaneswar, one can go to Nabarangpur either through Phulbani and Bhawanipatna or through Berhampur and Ganjam. The road is very scenic.

Fairs and Festivals

Mondei is one of the prominent tribal festivals observed in interior Nabarangpur District of Orissa. It is supposed to be derived from the word Mandi, which means a small market in Hindi language. Tribals from ancient age celebrate this festival on the harvesting season at different location of Nabarangpur district. Also, it has significance in some places of other Orissa districts and Chhattisgarh State.

Mainly, tribes like Gond, Paraja, Bhotoda, Gadoba and Kandha get together on a particular day to exchange their agricultural productions. Near their village deity they wordhip their first harvest and then go for selling paddy, maize and vegetables. It’s a huge gathering of people from all nearby villages. Some cultural dance programmes also organized by the convenors.