The district is named after its headquarters town Malkangiri .During formation of Orissa Province in 1936 Malkangiri was a “Taluk” of Nabrangpur sub-division of Koraput District of Orissa. In 1962 it was upgraded to a subdivision of Koraput District. The present Malkangiri got its identity as an independent district due to reorganisation of districts of Orissa as per notification on 1st October,1992 with effect from 2nd October 1992.

During the reign of Lord Ramachandra, Malkangiri occupied an important place in the entire “The Ramayana”. It was the holy river “The Tamasa” and its environs which encouraged Saint Balmiki to express his internal feelings in the form of The Ramayana, the holiest book of Hindus. This place was known as “Malyavantagiri” in the Ramayana. River the Tamasa flowing out of a cave has derived its name from a tribal word “TANSA”, which means cave. Banks of this river witnessed the creation of the largest mythological the Ramayana. The scenic beauty if this Malyavantagiri has found an important place in the “Dandi Ramayana” of Balaram Das.

Geographical Location

Malkangiri District lies between 17° 45′ N to 18° 40′ N Latidudes and 81° 10′ E to 82° 00′ E Longitude and at a height of 641″ (feet) form the sea level. This district is spread over an area of 5,791 sq. kms.


Fairs and Festivals

Bali Yatra
This festival begins five days before the Bhadrapada full-moon and ends five days after it. The beginning of the festival is identified with the Nuakhia feast on which new rice is first eaten. Bali Yatra is an occasion of great rejoicing and men of all classes put on fancy dress and dance and sing. The festival takes its name from the ceremonial planting of various grains in wet sand brought from a nearby stream and placed in a structure called “Bali Ghara” or sand house. But it is an occasion for many other celebration also.

Chaitra Parba

Chaitra parba is also called Pongal, a word which comes from South India. It lasts for the whole month of Chaitra. All the tribes go gay. Men and Boys go out into the forest for hunting. If they come back without anything, they cannot show their faces to women. Therefore no animal escapes the hunters. If they get nothing else they even kill a jackal. Women dance and sing whole day in the streets and in village commons. All motor vehicles are stopped several times on the road by streams of girls who dance and sing across the road. It is only few paise are paid that the vehicles are allowed to move. With the rise in prices this levy may have risen to rupees. A car going from or to Malkangiri may be stopped a dozen times. To witness a tribal dance for a few rupees is a very cheap entertainment.