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KORAPUT DISTRICT

History

The history of Koraput goes back as far as 3rd century BC. It originally belonged to the valiant and dreaded atvika people who fought the Kalinga war to restore the empire’s glory. The region successively came to be ruled by several dynasties: Satavahans, Ikshvakus, Nalas, Ganga kings and kings of Surya vansha.Finally becoming a district of Orissa state on 1st April 1936.

The origin of the name ‘koraput’ is obsure.But theories abound.According to Mr. R.S. Bell, former Collector Koraput the name derives from Kora-Putti meaning “the hamlet of the nux-vomica” a tree that has once prevalent in the region. Another theory suggests Koraput is the corrupted form of “Karaka pento”, literally meaning “Hail-stone”. While a folklore says koraput is named after Khora Naiko – a valiant warrior of Nandapur kingdom.

 

Koraput abounds in the imprints of Orissa’s glorious past. Temple’s monasteries and other historical monuments from the medieval period, breathtaking in their beauty and of incalculable historical importance, stands as footprints of time telling the story of the ears by gone.

Geographical Location

Latitude: 17o 40’ – 20o 7’ North and Longitude: 81o 24’ – 84o 2’ East

Koraput district abounds in meadows, forests, waterfalls, terraced valleys and darting springs. This land of abundance is home to Orissa’s vast tribal population. A real paradise for the nature-lover, Koraput offers an additional benefit to the visitor of first hand meeting with its ancient civilization.

 

How to reach?

Airways:Nearest airport is at Visakhapatnam

Roadways:Well connected from Bhubaneswar, Chennai, Delhi, Kolkata & Visakhapatnam

Railways:Convenient road facility is available from Koraput to other parts of Orissa & neighbouring States. NH- 43 passes through this district.

Fairs and Festivals

Chaitra Paraba
Chaitra Paraba is also called Pangal, a word which comes from South India. It lasts for the whole month of Chaitra. All the tribes go gay. Men and boys go out into the forest for hunting. If they come back without anything, they cannot show their face to the women. Therefore no animal escapes the hunters. If they get nothing else they even kill a jackal. Women dance and sing whole day in the streets and in village commons. All motor vehicles are stopped several times on the road by streams of girls who dance and sing across the road. It is only when few paise are paid that the vehicles are allowed to move. Two paise used to be ample. With the rise in prices this levy may have risen to twenty-five paise. A car going to Koraput from the plains may be stopped a dozen times before reaching Koraput. To witness a tribal dance for a few paise is a very cheap entertainment.