The present District of Kalahandi was in ancient times, a part of South Kosals. It was princely state. After Independence of the Country, merger of princely state took place on 1st January, 1948. The princely state of Kalahandi was merged in Orissa along with other princely states on 1st November, 1949. Subsequently, in 1962, Kashipur Police Station was taken out from this District and merged with Koraput.


How to reach there?


Bhawanipatna is connected with the following towns of other districts by roadways. Those are Bolangir, Nuapada, Nabarangapur, Rayagada, Phulbani, and Bhanjanagar.


The total length of the Railways in the District is only 44 kilometers. The Raipur-Vizianagaram broad-gauge link of the S.E. Railway passes through this district and connects five (5) stations in the District. It links the District with important places like Vizianagaram, Rayagada, Raipur, Rourkela, Bolangir, Sambalpur, with Kesinga, Narla Road and Lanjigarh Road. Kesinga is an important Station of Kalahandi District. It is only 40 kilometers form District Head Quarters, Bhawanipatna by road. The following two links below, give the timings of important trains from Kesinga Station.


There is one Air Strip in the District, which is at Utkela 25 kilometers from Bhawanipatna.


Fairs and Festivals

The most important festival of western Odisha comprising the districts of Sambalpur, Bolangir, Sundargarh, Kalahandi and some areas of Phulbani, is Nuakhia. Generally, it takes place in the bright half of the month of Bhadrab on an auspicious day fixed by the astrologers. In the ex-State areas, the date is fixed according to the instructions of the ruling Chiefs.
The people in general, eagerly look forward for the festival and preparation starts before a fortnight. Most of the houses are cleaned, neatly plastered and decorated by the house wives. On this occasion, old and young, all wear new clothes. Though the festival is intended for eating new rice of the year, it is observed as a general festival. Meeting of friends and relatives, singings, dancing and merry-making are parts of the festival. On this occasion, the new rice is cooked with milk and sugar (Khiri) and then offered as Bhog to Goddess Laxmi. Then the eldest member of the family distributes the same to other members.