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Jharsuguda DISTRICT


 

History

Of the 30 districts of Odisha, Jharsuguda is considered to be a rich in mines, Industries & business. It has an area of 2203.32 Sq.kms. and a population of around 509085. During the re-organisation of the Garhajat States in 1936 under the British, Jharsuguda formed a part of Sambalpur district. The new district of Jharsuguda came into existence on 1st April, 1994 and was created by amalgamation of the erstwhile Jamindars of Rampur, Kolabira, Padampur & Kudabaga; Jharsuguda Town is the head quarters of the new district.

It is revealed from history of Sambalpur that Jharsuguda was known as “Jharguda” on the distant past.
In the 16th Century Balram Dev of Chauhan dynasty established the Kingdom of Sambalpur. During the reign of Chhattrasai Dev the 7th King of this dynasty (1656-1688), Jharguda was a small settlement surrounded by dense forest infested with a man-eating tiger, ravaging the people of this area. Siva Singh, the grandson of Chhattrasai Dev, using his might Sword killed the tiger & brought relief to the people. In recognition Chhattrasai Dev awarded the area to Siva Singh as ‘Bhrutti’ or ‘Jageri’.

As per folk-lores the kishans from Jharkhand state established Jharsuguda during 12th Century A.D. Jharkishan was head of the tribe. The original village consisting of nutments of 12 kishan families was named Jharguda. Siva Singh, a descendant of Sambalpur royal family ruled as Jagirdar of the area comprising of 12 villages namely Jharsuguda, Badheimunda, Debadihi, Kumdapali, Kureibaga, Banjari, Dalki, Balijori, Beheramal, Ekatali, Buromal, & Sarbahal.

After this period the decline of Sambalpur state started due to aggression & occupation of Sambalpur by the Marahattas Bhonsle).In 1818 the British occupied Sambalpur State and Maharaja Sai was made the nominal king whereas the actual administration was done by British. Maharaja Sai died in 1826 and the British declared his widow Mohankumari as the ruler of the Sambalpur. The then Jamindar of Jharsuguda, Govind Singh Challenged the decision of the British and claiming himself to be the rightful heir to the throne of Sambalpur, he launched an armed rebellion. He was supported by Vira Krishna Rai of Khadial, Thakur Ajit Singh of Bargarh, Trilochan Rai of Pahadsingida, Jamindar of Vheden Abhadhuta Singh, Medini Beria of Kharamanga, Chandra Behera and Shikru Jamandar of Bamda Jamindari, Jagabadndhu Hota, Biju Daphadar, Damaru Kanda, Rehan Biswal and Narsingh Ghatu of Sambalpur, Hundreds of Gond Tribals also joined the rebellion.

How to reach there?

 

The railway station comes under South Eastern Railway. Jharsuguda is directly connected to Sambalpur, Rourkela, Bhubaneswar, Ahmadabad, Bangalore, Chennai, Cuttack, Delhi, Bilaspur, Mumbai, Nagpur, Pune, Puri, Patna, Kolkata, Raipur, Ranchi, Vishakhapatnam and many more cities of India. Its an important junction connecting. Jharsuguda is connected to various towns of the state by State Highway 10 and National Highway 42.

 

 

Fairs and Festivals

Ranjta Festival
Sambalpur was established in the 16th century by the Lt. Chauhan king ‘Balram Dev’ a clansman of ‘Prhtivi Raj Chauhan’ the last independent Hindu king of India. During the rule of Chauhan kings, Ranjta festival was started in the capital town of Sambalpur and in vassal states and Jamindaries of Sambalpur. This festival is observed every year on the night of 10th day of Suklapaksha of the month of Aswin. In the district the festival is observed in Jharsuguda town and Kolabira. The descendants of the Jamindars move in procession around the village or town along with ‘Patakhanda’ or (Royal sword).

Famous Ratha Yathra

of Kukurjanga As per the ancient tradition of Utkal the reigning deities of Puri Shri Jagannath Temple, Lord Jagannath, Lord Balabhadra & Devi Subhadra visit the house of their aunt (Mousimaa) in the respective Chariots namely Nadighosa, Taladwhaja & Darpadalana through the ‘Badadhanda’ on the 2nd day of the bright lunar fort night of the month of Asdha’ and return to Shree Mandir on the 10th day of the bright lunar fortnight. This festival known as Ratha jatra is observed through out Orissa and also in many places outside Orissa.