The district takes its own name from the head quarters town Jajpur which was founded by “JAJATI KESHARI”, the Somabanshi king in early 10th century.


From time imemorial Jajpur has been identical with Viraja or Viraja Khetra. The place sacred to Viraja, the symbol of Sakti(Power) on one side and Verah, the symbol of Brahma or Purusha on the other side is one of the traditional Pancha khetras in Odisha dedicated to Brahmanical Pancha Khetras. As a seat of ancient culture and a holy shrine for Hindus, it was once studded with scores of ancient stone temples as in the temple town of Bhubaneswar. But it witnessed and bore the burnt of the Vandalism of the invaders from the North, who destroyed the temples and palaces. But in and around the surviving temples and the temples built after the mass destruction, we come across a large number of sculptures ranging in date from the 4th century, which not only stands as the milestone of art and architecture of the place, but also provides us with ample materials to reconstruct a cultural history of Odisha.

The iconographic features of Goddess Viraja, supports such a conclusion about its date. The Paralakhemundi copper place of Prithivi Maharaja mentions Viraja as Viranja. The date ascribed to this plate has been 6th century AD. But the Mahabharata which was composed in the 3rd century mentions in its ‘Banaparva’ in 114th chapter about Viraja and the sacred Baitarani, where the five Pandav brothers had their holy dip with Lomash the saint. The date of the origin of Goddess may safely be attributed to the 3rd century.

A new political situation developed with the rise of the Bhaumakaras in 736 AD . the Bahumaker empire extended from the Ganges in the North to the Mahendra mountain on the south . the Bhaumas ruled over two centuries with their capital at Guheswar Patak in Viraja Khestra. Khijinga Mandal of the Bhaumas comprised modern Mayurbhanja, eastern part of Keonjhar , some portion of Dhenkanal and the modern Jajpur and Bhadrak districts. Though a great deal of geographical political and social changes have taken place since, the cultural tie of the regions is still conspicuous as the people of the region still perform their social functions and rituals in accordance with Viraja Panjika approved by the learned astologers and scholars (Pundits) of Jajpur. Brodly speaking Orissa was mainly divided into two cultural units the one centering round Viraja khetra and the other round Shrikhetra. As in Puri there was also the Mukti Mandap and Pundit Sava at Jajpur and the ruins still bear testimony to it.


How to reach there?


Jajpur is a historic place of pilgrimage is located at a distance of 92 km from Cuttack and 125 kms distances form state capital Bhubaneswar. NH 5 is well connected to the head quarter of this district . So best way to reach this district is by road. Biraja temple is one of the oldest temples of Jajpur district which is located at a distance of 6 kms from Jajpur town.

Jajpur is freely connected by Road and Rail (Jajpur Road) from the state capital, Bhubaneswar and it is about 120 kms. away from it.

It is connected by rail with all major cities of the state. One of its tehsil namely Sukinda (Jajpur Road) is linked with all major cities of the country due to main E. Co. Railway link.



Fairs and Festivals

Gaja Laxmi Puja, Kumara Utsava & Shamba dashami.