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GANJAM DISTRICT


 

History

The district got its name from the word “Ganj-i-am” which means, the Granary of the World. The district is named after the Old Township and European fort of Ganjam situated on the northern bank of river Rushikulya which was the head quarter of the district.
The office of the Collector, Ganjam was established in 1794. Early in the 19th century, Ganjam became a melting pot of political turmoil due to the revolt of Zamindars against the British authorities which continued till 1836. With the beginning of 20th century, struggle for amalgamation of Oriya tracts was keenly organized in Ganjam and in the year 1896 Oriya was recognized as the official language. Originally, the district was in Madras Presidency in the British period. It had only three Government Taluks, 16 large proprietary estates, 35 minor Zamindaries. In Madras Presidency, the area of the district was 8311 square miles of which 5205 sq. miles comprised of agency tracts. The head quarter temporarily shifted to Gopalpur then to Berhampur and finally in and around 1902 to Chatrapur.

The district got separated from Madras Presidency and formed a part of the newly created State of Orissa province with effect from 01.04.1936. The re-organized district comprises, the whole of Ghumusor, Chatrapur and Baliguda divisions, part of old Berhampur taluk, part of old Ichhapur taluk, part of Parlakhemundi plains area and the whole of Parlakhemundi agency area in the old Chicacola division

 

How to reach there?

Ganjam District is very well connected with all three, Bus, Rail & Air ways. Berhampur is one of the best business centers of the district and also of Orissa. It is also connected with all the three transport facilities like, bus, rail & air.

Railways:This is the central line for the trains running from Chennai to Howrah, Bangalore to Howrah & Hyderabad to Howrah. Because, Berhampur is a big station, the train communication is very good. Apart from Berhampur, the other stations are, Chhatrapur, Ganjam, Rambha, etc.

Roadways:The district is also very well connected by roadways. Every part of the District is connected with Berhampur & NH-5 is joining with this part. So, Berhampur is connected with various other big towns by roadways. This is one of the border sides of Orissa, which is nearer to Andhra Pradesh. It joins cities like, all the parts of Orissa & major cities of Andhra Pradesh, Tamilnadu and Karnataka.

Air:The nearest Airport is at Bhubaneswar as well as at Vizag (from Berhampur). Both the places are well connected with road & rail facilities. There is also a place near Berhampur, i.e. in the University Campus; there is facility of landing of small flights or helicaptors.

 

Fairs and Festivals

Gajapati District has a rich culture and heritage. Almost all the streets of Paralakhemundi are having public library, Matha/Temple of God & Goddess. A number of festivals are being organized in the district each year. The famous among those are -
Rath Yatra (Car Festival) (during Asadha Sukla Dwitiya) at – Parlakhemundi, Kasinagar, Jeerango, Narayanpur, Mohana, Chandragiri, R.Udayagiri, Ramagiri, Chelligoda, Mandal Sahi, Jeerango, Rayagada, Garabandha and Gurandi.
Dusherra, Kumar Purnima (during Aswina)/ Thakurani Yatra (during Chaitra)/ Pongal (Bhogi & Makar) during Magha celebrated here with much pomp & gaiety.