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DEOGARH DISTRICT


Deoghar (Devagriha), or the abode of the Gods, is the headquarters of the Sub-division of the same name in the district of Santhal Parganas, and is located four miles to the south-east of Jasidih Junction on the main line of the Eastern Railway from Howrah to Delhi. There is a small branch line of the same railway from Jasidih to Deoghar.

History

Bamanda-the citadel of creative artists dates back to 5th century A.D. when Mathara Royal Family was at the helm of the Administration. After this dynasty, Ganga Rulers came into power and established their capital at Deogarh. Deogarh attained all-round prosperity during the reign of Raja Basudev Sudhal Dev, the most enlightened rulers of this clan. A new horizon was innovated in the field of communication by the foundation of Jagannath Ballav press in 1886 and publication of a weekly magazine the “Sambalpur Hitaishini” in 1889. It was during his rule that the jail, police station, postoffices, Dispensaries were established and irrigation system was introduced.. He had a telephone line of 78 Miles connecting Bamara and Barkote in 1900 was the longest in India during that period. Bamanda’s own postal system was very developed. It got affiliated to the British Postal system in 1895. Sir Sudhal Dev, the then King of Bamanda had coined and issued postage stamps in his own Kingdom. He had promulgated paper currency also in his state.

After him, his illustrious son Raja Sachidananda Tribhuban Dev undertook the improvement activities of the earstwhile estate. The most outstanding developmental activities was the introduction of the hydro-electric system in Kodarkot water fall by which the Palace, cloth loom, Sugar factory established in 1908 at Rambhei got power supply. During the reign of Bhanuganga Tribhuban Dev, the estate of Bamra was merged with Orissa i,e. on 1st January, 1948 and it became a part of the District of Sambalpur.

 

How to reach there?

 

Airways:The nearest Airports for visiting places of interest in Deogarh District are at Bhubaneswar (280 KMs.) and Raipur (376 KMs.).

Railways:The nearest rail heads for Deogarh are at Sambalpur (90 KMs.), Bamra on the Nagpur-Hawrah Section of South Eastern Railway (103 KM), Jharsuguda (98 KMs.) and Rourkela (115 Kms.) The railway station at Deoghar is called Baidyanath Dham. Deogarh stands on an all-weather road connecting Calcutta with Delhi.

Roadways:Deogarh Town is 90 K.Ms. to the east of Sambalpur Town on N.H.-6. National Highway No.6 passes through the district acts as the main artery of inter-regional trade and other links. It is 115 KMs. from Rourkela & 280 KMs. from Bhubaneswar. Passenger buses run regularly from Bhagalpur, Dumka., Patna, Gaya, Monghyr, and other places in Bihar to Deogarh. Taxis and tangas are available at Deoghar. Tangas are available at Jaisidih railway station but not taxis.

 

Fairs and Festivals

There are three important fairs, namely, Shri Panchmi mela held in January, Shivaratri mela held in March and the Bhadra Purnima mela held in September. Shivaratri mela is attended by about one- lakh visitors in the course of a fortnight. A number of lodging houses is available for pilgrims. The Pandas or the priests have also a large number of rented houses of their own where the pilgrims stay usually for one day.