Info@click2odisha.Com

BOUDH DISTRICT


Once, Boudh was a very significant Buddhist centre in Odisha confirmed by an archaeological fact. The district of Boudh is situated in central part of the State. Earlier it was an integral part of Phulbani district, which was otherwise known as “Boudh Kandhamal”.

History

The early history of Boudh is still in obscurity. However, the discovery of remarkable Buddhist statues from Boudh led some scholars to believe that Boudh was an important Buddhist centre of Orissa. From the epigraphic records it is known that in the middle of Eighth Century A.D., Boudh region was under the occupation of the Bhanja rulers and was a part of Khinjali Mandala. The earliest known ruler of this Bhanja family was Nettabhanja who was ruling over the Dhenkanal region as independent ruler, but his successor migrated towards Boudh-Sonepur region and established Khinjali Mandala and ruled there as the feudatory of the Bhauma Karas of Tosali. The Sonepur Copper Plate of Satrubhanja Dev, son of Silabhanja mentions the name Khinjali Mandala for the first time and on this basis it is believed that Silabhanja Dev was the founder of Bhanja Kula of Khinjali Mandala. Their capital was Dhirtipura, which has been identified with Boudh town.

Inscription ( 1220 AD) that the struggle finally ended in favour of the Gangas during the region of Anangabhima Deva – III and there after Boudh along with Sonepur came under the Ganga Rule and was administered by the Ganga Administrators. In course of time, the Ganga Administrators became semi-independent and ruled over this territory hereditarily. So far tradition goes, there emerged a Brahmin ruling family in Boudh . Gandhamardan Dev, the last Brahmin ruler of this family, being childless adopted one Ananga Bhanja of Keonjhar Bhanja royal family. He succeeded Gandharmardhan Dev and laid the foundation of the rule of the Bhanjas in Boudh in the first half of fourteenth century AD. He changed his surname from Bhanja to Dev and was known as Ananga Dev. Since then, the new line of kings continued to rule over this region till the merger of Boudh State with the Orissa province in 1948. Their kingdom comprised of modern Athmallik, Boudh and Sonepur regions with its capital headquarters at Swarnapura ( Sonepur). But later on due to the expansionist policy followed by the Chouhan rulers of Patna ( Patnagarh in Bolangir District ) they shifted their capital to Boudh.

In the first half of seventeenth century AD, Boudh was a very powerful kingdom and Sonepur remained under its direct administration. During this period the Chouhan rulers of Sambalpur had already established their supremacy over almost entire Western Orissa. Balabhadradeva ( 1605-1630 AD), the Chouhan ruler of Sambalpur defeated Siddhabhanja Dev (Siddheswar Dev) of Boudh and forced him cede the Sonepur region which was made a separate state by the Chouhans in 1640 AD.

In the mean time Odisha was occupied by the Muslims and though nothing details is known about the relationship between the rulers of Boudh and the Muslim subedars in Cuttack yet it is believed that Boudh maintained a friendly relation with the muslims and probably for this, Raja Pratap Dev of Boudh, had secured from him from the Muslim powers, the title “Swasti Sri Dhirlakhya Dhumbadhipati Jahrkhand Mandaleswar” which was used by the rulers of Boudh till the time of Raja Banamali Deb.

 

How to reach there?

 

Airways:The nearest Airport is at Bhubaneswar and Bhubaneswar is well connected by both road and railways.

Railways:Regular train services are available from Bhubaneswar viz. Bhubaneswar – Sambalpur Intercity Express,Hirakud Express,Puri-Sambalpur passenger train. To reach Boudh one has to get down at Rairakhole station.

Roadways: Boudh is well connected with road and rail with other district headquarter and the state capital Bhubaneswar. The distance of Boudh from Bhubaneswar is 240 Km. One can come to Boudh via State Highway No. 1 & 14 (via Nayagarh – Charichhak) or can come by National Highway No. 42. (Via- Angul)… From here one has to travel around 27 Km. either by Bus or taxi to reach Boudh. By bus from Bhubaneswar 210 kms

 

Fairs and Festivals

This district is famous for its numbers of festivals all the year round by Hindus. They are either domestic festivals or public festivals. The domestic festivals generally caters to worshiping of family dieties and observance of dieties in home only and observance of ekadashis, various vratas, etc. most of them being guided by phases of the moon. But on the contrary, the public festivals are a reason for merrymaking, melas, fun. They are religious ceremonies attended by a large number of men, women and children who come for worship as well as entertainment. The main festivals are: Chuda Khai Yatra, Ratha Yatra, Laxmi Puja, Nuakhai, Sivaratri, Dussehra, Dola Yatra, Puajiuntia and Bhaijiuntia, Ramaleela, Kalashi Yatra, Karma Dance, Danda Nata and Dalkhai Dance